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For that, he deserves thanks — as does Lee Jackson for re-releasing the book on his Victorian London label. Leave a comment. Filed under Uncategorized. Tagged as bears grease , butchers boys , peppermint , steam power , victorian london. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Oh Those Victorians. Skip to content.

Home About. With the exception of family planning and antibiotics, the vast edifice of twentieth century healthcare has generated little more than tools to suppress symptoms of the degenerative diseases which have emerged due to our failure to maintain mid-Victorian nutritional standards. Our levels of physical activity and therefore our food intakes are at an historic low. To make matters worse, when compared to the mid-Victorian diet, the modern diet is rich in processed foods. It is lower in fibre and phytonutrients, in proportional and absolute terms; and, because of our high intakes of potato products, breakfast cereals, confectionery and refined baked goods, may have a higher glycemic load.

Given all this, it follows that we are inevitably more likely to suffer from dysnutrition multiple micro- and phytonutrient depletion than our mid-Victorian forebears.

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This is supported by survey findings on both sides of the Atlantic; the U. Malnutrition in the U. Even the stately FSA concedes that fruit juices count towards your five-a-day, as do freeze-dried powdered extracts of fruits and vegetables. As our knowledge of phytochemistry and phytopharmacology increases, it has become perfectly acceptable to use rational combinations of the key plant constituents in pill or capsule form.

Most of this research is patently a waste of time. Current generations are, from an historical point of view, anomalous. Our historically low levels of physical activity and consequently food intakes mean that even those groups consuming the highest levels of berry fruits, green leaf vegetables or oily fish, are still well below optimal mid-Victorian levels of consumption. This would explain why they were so effectively protected against cancer, and heart disease, and all the other degenerative, non-communicable disorders.

We believe also that the on-going search for disease susceptibility genes is ahistoric and therefore largely misinformed. In the high-nutrient mid-Victorian environment, the vast majority of the population was protected; and the combination of high levels of physical activity and an excellent diet enhanced the expression of a coordinated array of health-promoting genes [ 86 , 87 ].

As the nutrient tide has receded, increasing numbers of genetic polymorphisms have become exposed. The steel vessel of Public Health is rent open, and the drug companies are selling us high-priced pots of caulk. Do not, therefore, look to the drug companies to provide remedies for the appalling state of our health; nor to our politicians who seem unable, in many cases, to see far beyond the brims of their parliamentary troughs. Look, instead, to the food and beverage industries, and to a lesser extent the supplement companies, who may well step up to the plate with better designed foods and nutritional programmes once the currently profoundly counter-productive regulatory system has been re-drafted.

One brickie is on record as having made , bricks between April and September.

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Causes of Death in England and Wales: and Reprinted from Charlton [ 24 ], vol. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Mar Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.


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Received Feb 9; Accepted Feb This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Analysis of the mid-Victorian period in the U. Keywords: Public health, dietary shift, degenerative disease, Victorian. Introduction The mid-Victorian period is usually defined as the years between and , but in nutritional terms we have identified a slightly longer period, lasting until around What the Mid-Victorians Ate Vegetables, Green and Root Onions were amongst the cheapest vegetables, widely available all year around at a cost so negligible that few housewives budgeted what cost them around a halfpenny even cheaper if bruised for a bunch containing at least a dozen.

Fruit Apples were the cheapest and most commonly available urban fruits from August through to May; with cherries taking over in the May— July period, followed by gooseberries in June, up to August, then plums and greengages in July through to September [ 41 ]. Legumes and Nuts Dried legumes were available all year round, and widely used e. Meats Consumption of meat was considered a mark of a good diet and its complete absence was rare: consuming only limited amounts was a poverty diet [ 23 ].

Tobacco Pipe smoking was widespread but intermittent amongst working class males, and a cigar or cheroot might be smoked on special occasions. Adulterants Some adulterants commonly used in Victorian foods were well-known to be toxic even then: lead chromate in mustard, mercury and arsenic compounds as colourants in confectionery and picrotoxin in beer all undoubtedly contributed to ill health. Common causes of death [ 65 , 66 ] Infection including TB and other lung infections such as pneumonia; epidemics scarlet fever, smallpox, influenza, typhoid, cholera etc , with spread often linked to poor sanitation: and the sexually transmitted diseases.

Uncommon causes of death 5. Coronary artery disease see above 6. Strokes were generally non-fatal, at least the first time; although mortality rates increased with each subsequent stroke [ 65 ] 7. The Case for Supplements Our levels of physical activity and therefore our food intakes are at an historic low. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Figure 2. References and Notes 1.

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Clayton P, Rowbotham J. An unsuitable and degraded diet? Part 1: Public health lessons from the mid-Victorian working class diet. Part 2. Realities of the mid-Victorian diet. Part 3. Victorian consumption patterns and their health benefits. Hunt T. Building Jerusalem. Part 1. Wohl AS. Transaction Books; London, UK: Chapter 7. Dent and Sons; London, UK: McKeown T. The Golden Age. Essays in British Social and Economic History — Ashgate; Aldershot, UK: Overton M. Daunton M. Bressey C. Urban Hist. Burnett J. Part II, Chapters 6 and 7. Carlyle T. James Fraser; London, UK: North and South.

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    Modulation of antioxidant compounds in organic vs conventional fruit peach, Prunus persica L. Food Chem. Phenolic content and antioxidant activities of white and purple juices manufactured with organically- or conventionally-produced grapes. Effects of agricultural practices on color, carotenoids composition, and minerals contents of sweet peppers, cv. Gill C. Personal communication, Organic vs conventionally grown Rio Red whole grapefruit and juice: comparison of production inputs, market quality, consumer acceptance, and human health-bioactive compounds.

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