EA revealed that women's teams would finally be playable in the next entry in their annual FIFA soccer series. Sony showed off Aloy, the formidable huntress star of Horizon: Zero Dawn. We at Feminist Frequency wanted to see if this handful of high-profile female heroes actually represented a statistically significant shift, or if those of us starving for more and better representation were just seeing what we wanted to see.
So we ran the numbers. Looking at every game featured at every major E3 press conference for that year, we found that out of the 76 games featured, only a paltry seven of them centered female heroes—less than 10 percent. Meanwhile, more than three times as many games, over 30 percent of the total, centered male heroes. Of course, game development takes time.
Most of the games revealed at E3 had probably been in development for a year or two at least—and had certainly been in the works prior to the explosion of Gamergate—and one can't expect an industry as massive as videogames to turn on a dime. So we kept watching, kept doing statistical analysis on the games presented at each E3, to see if things would change.
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Now, having crunched the numbers for our fifth E3, we can say it: They haven't. This year, the number of games that center women came in at just 5 percent—up from a low point of just 3 percent two games! Now, E3 in isn't quite what E3 was in The show's relevance is slowly waning as some studios and developers rely less on big annual press conferences and more on Twitch streams or internally produced YouTube videos to reach fans.
Significantly, Sony took a pass on this year's event, though it made a huge splash just a few weeks ago with a gameplay reveal for the upcoming PlayStation exclusive Death Stranding. Nonetheless, E3 remains the single biggest gaming event of the year, and the best snapshot of how the industry is defining itself and delivering what it believes consumers want to see.
So, let's take a closer look at this year's results. Of the games we tallied from the E3 events held by Microsoft, Nintendo, Bethesda, Ubisoft, Square Enix, and EA, as well as the annual PC Gaming Show, a paltry six centered exclusively female protagonists, while almost five times as many, 28, centered male characters. When you consider that we place role-playing games in which you control a party of heroes in our "multiple options" category, the numbers are even more dire, since a significant number of these games, including the Final Fantasy VII remake, Final Fantasy VIII , Dragon Quest XI , The Last Remnant Remastered , and others, clearly center male heroes.
It's true that the number of games in which you either control characters of different genders or get to choose the gender of your hero character significantly outstrip those with established male or female protagonists. And of course, as a general trend, the freedom to choose or create your own character is a welcome one. However, it's fundamentally different from being asked by a game to take on the role and experiences of a specific character.
A male player who is more comfortable with experiences that center men can and will simply play as men in games that offer him the choice. On the other hand, every player who comes to a game such as Wolfenstein: Youngblood must step into the shoes of a female character in order to play.
It's also essential to note that the raw numbers say nothing whatsoever about the quality of these representations. The mere fact that Youngblood 's protagonists are women is no guarantee whatsoever that those representations will be good ones. Games can and often do center women while also reinforcing harmful stereotypes or turning those women into sexual fantasies for the benefit of straight male players.
Still, we can hope. More and better representations of women remain an essential part of the change we hope to see in the videogame industry, but we can't focus entirely on the games themselves.
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It's also crucial to look at the actual human beings who represent the industry, who get to come out on stage at E3 and be a face and a voice for what the future of gaming holds. This year, across the events we surveyed, women made up a mere 21 percent of speakers and presenters. In the second season, Hank Simms best known for his announcing work on many of the programs produced by Quinn Martin Productions delivered the following alternate narrative:. Aboard this compact starship, a lone astronaut, Captain William "Buck" Rogers, was to experience cosmic forces beyond all comprehension.
In a freak mishap, his life-support systems were frozen by temperatures beyond imagination.
Ranger 3 was blown out of its planned trajectory into an orbit one thousand times more vast, an orbit which was to return Buck Rogers to Earth, years later. These were abbreviated and altered versions of the narrative heard in the original pilot movie, delivered by Conrad:. In the year , at the John F. Aboard this compact starship, a lone astronaut, Captain William "Buck" Rogers, was to experience cosmic forces beyond all comprehension: an awesome brush with death. In the blink of an eye, his life-support systems were frozen by temperatures beyond imagination.
Ranger 3 was blown out of its planned trajectory into an orbit a thousand times more vast, an orbit which was to return the ship full circle to its point of origin, its mother Earth, not in five months For years, Buck Rogers drifted through a world in which reality and fantasy merged into a timeless dream. For years, Captain William "Buck" Rogers has been miraculously preserved, frozen by temperatures beyond imagination. Now, in Earth year , he is rudely awakened by the sinister forces of the Draconian realm. The substance of the storylines also changed in the second season.
Less emphasis was placed on militaristic ideals and, with a few exceptions, Gerard scaled back the humor in the second season in favor of more serious episodes with the final episode of the series ending on a somber note as a result. Buck's and Wilma's relationship became slightly more romantic during the second year, though most romantic activity was implied and took place off-screen.
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Moreover, the second season deals with more serious concepts such as evolution , ecology , racism , pollution , war , nuclear power , identity , the self , and religion. It also draws on mythology as exemplified by Hawk's people, who are variants on the bird people found in mythologies around the world and makes special reference to the moai of Easter Island. An episode also included a story about mythical satyr creatures. As well as its parallels to Larson's previous television series Battlestar Galactica , the second season is similar in theme to Star Trek , with the Searcher roaming through space much like the USS Enterprise had, Buck being the maverick explorer true to the style of Captain James T.
Kirk , and the serious, rather stoic Hawk being a revamped version of Mr. Even Wilma had, to some extent, been remodeled after Lt. Uhura from Star Trek , often dressed in a miniskirt uniform and regularly sitting at a communications console on the bridge of the Searcher.
Ratings dropped significantly after the season premiere. NBC canceled the series at the end of an episode strike-abbreviated season. No finale storyline was produced, with the final episode broadcast being a normal standalone episode. Joseph Wiseman also appeared in one episode of the series, and was also briefly seen in the theatrical version of the pilot as Emperor Draco Princess Ardala's father , but his appearance was edited out of the television version.
The series was shown in the UK by ITV , beginning in late August , with the feature-length two-part episode "Planet of the Slave Girls" the pilot film, which had been released theatrically in Britain in summer , was not actually shown on British television until ITV broadcast Buck Rogers in an early Saturday evening slot, where it competed against, and beat, the BBC 's long-running science fiction series Doctor Who , which started its 18th season on the same day. Contemporary assessments of Buck Rogers in the 25th Century were generally mixed.
In his book Sci-Fi TV from Twilight Zone to Deep Space Nine , writer James van Hise claimed the show's scripts "just never took advantage of what they had at hand" and criticized Larson's version of Buck Rogers as a cynical attempt to exploit one of the most loved characters in American popular culture.
The hardware looks good and Wilma Deering looks simply sensational, like Wonder Woman with brains. Two novels were published by Dell Publishing based on this series, both by Addison E. A fumetti book entitled Buck Rogers in the 25th Century was published by Fotonovel Publications in , reproducing the theatrical version of the pilot episode. Gold Key Comics published fourteen issues of a Buck Rogers in the 25th Century comic book based upon the show.
The comic book started with issue number two, picking up the numbering from an issue published in in the style of the old comic strips. Following an adaptation of the pilot film, starting with issue five, new adventures were created in the series continuity.
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The first three issues two - four were reprinted in a "Giant Movie Edition" which was distributed by Marvel Comics despite Marvel being a competitor to Gold Key. The comic outlived the series by several months. Issue number ten was never published and this comic book series was cancelled after issue number sixteen. The comic book remained within the continuity of Season 1 and did not feature any characters from Season 2. A strip based on the television series also ran in two publications in the UK: Look-In with 64 weekly installments covering 10 separate adventures between autumn and early , and TV Tops , which picked up the rights from for two shorter runs.
Both were also based on the format of the first year of the series. Two sets of action figures were produced by Mego , including a 12" line and a series of 3. Other companies produced a variety of tie-ins. Die-cast toys were released by Corgi , Topps trading cards, and a painted metal lunch box. In , Zica Toys began production of a new line of action figures based on the TV series. These 8" action figures are loosely based on Mego designs, but as noted above, Mego did not produce an 8" line of Buck Rogers figures, so Zica's line is actually the first line of 8", cloth-costumed action figures based on the TV series.
The strip ran from September 9, to October 26, , and was reprinted in its entirety, with the Sundays in color, in a large trade paperback. Though the theatrical version of the pilot film was released on home video in the s, the series was not released on home video until the late s.
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In the U. In other countries, such as the UK, two episodes were released on a single cassette. While it does contain every episode from both seasons , the pilot episode included is the theatrical version and not the TV version. The set contains five double-sided discs.
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The series was released on DVD in Europe Region 2 , though each season was released separately as opposed to in one set like the Region 1 release. Season 1 was released on November 22, and season 2 on October 31, , neither of which had the same cover artwork or menu screens as the Region 1 release. Notable differences are the addition of subtitles for various European languages.
The discs were single-sided for this release, in contrast to the double-sided discs released in Season Two was re-released with single-sided discs on January 8, As a bonus feature, the second season set includes the television version of the original pilot film, "Awakening", the first time this version has been released on DVD. On August 17, , Madman Entertainment a company that produces titles for release in Australia and New Zealand released the series on Blu-ray Disc in p. The eight-disc set includes each episode in HD.
Extras include: theatrical version of the Pilot episode and feature-length version of "Flight of the War Witch" both in standard definition , the syndicated two-part version of "Journey to Oasis" in HD , textless opening and closing credits sequences, opening credits without voice-over narration, and isolated music and effects audio tracks on each episode.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Glen A. Larson Leslie Stevens. Stu Phillips theme Johnny Harris theme. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Buck Rogers in the 25th Century film. Main article: List of Buck Rogers in the 25th Century episodes. Retrieved August 18, The New York Times. Retrieved DVD Talk. Starlog Group, Inc. Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved December 2, Needless to say, these moments were trimmed for TV. November Google Books.
Back Stage Books. October January Retrieved 23 April The Observer. Archived from the original on CS1 maint: archived copy as title link. Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on September 6, Retrieved September 8, Television portal Science fiction portal.